Imam Ali Al-Hadi is the tenth Imam for Shiite Muslims. He was born on 15 Zulhijja 212AH (≈6March828) in a suburb of the holy city of Medina. His father is Imam Muhammad ben Ali (Imam Muhammad Al-Jawad) and his mother is Sumanah (called also Susan) who was originally from North Africa (the Arab Maghreb). His teknonymic (Kunya) is Abo Al-Hasan and his title is Al-Hadi (the guide).
After the death of his father, Imam Al-Hadi became the successor Imam. Although he was young, Imam Al-Hadi fulfilled his duty and followed the path of his fathers’ Imams through delivering the divine teachings to the then Muslim community in the city of Medina.
In 244 AH (≈858), the Abbasid Caliph Al-Mutawakkil summoned Imam Al-Hadi to reside close to him in the city of Samarra, Iraq in order to monitor him and his movements. He was afraid of Imam Al-Hadi’s charisma and growth popularity. In Samarra, Imam Al-Hadi continued his mission to transmit the virtues and values of Islam to the new society, and thus people loved him.
After ten years from his arrival to Samarra, Imam Al-Hadi passed away during the Abbasid Caliphate of Al-Mu‘tazz on 3Rajab 254 AH (≈28 June 868). He was buried in the city of Samarra where a shrine has been built.