Introducing Islam

Gender Equality

Islam outlines the role of both man and woman in society. Although attempts have been made to point that Islam discriminates woman according to some examples or violations, the Quranic discourse is directed to both genders. Islam has stressed on the role of woman and considered her biological nature. Thus, the Islamic edicts (Fatwa) consider the circumstances of a woman and hence she is exempted from prayer or fasting during her period or during the ten days after she gives birth. In this context, the mother is allowed in Islam to ask her husband for remuneration if she breastfeeds her child. Furthermore, the home duties and services such as cleaning and cooking are the responsibility of the husband. However, the vast majority of women do not exercise these rights and they live happily with their husbands because marriage has a psycho-security feature and raising a successful family is one of the basics to establish a healthy society. It is significant to point in this regard that the woman is allowed to include certain conditions in the marriage contract if her husband accepts. Even in the edicts related to the inheritance, the man takes double than the woman due to the responsibilities held by him. These responsibilities are related to the payments should be made by the man which is not limited to paying all the living expenses fees of his family (including the rent and the mortgage). Notably, the inheritance law is flexible because it allows the giver to endow a third of his/her possessions before distributing the inheritance.


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