Prophet Muhammad (transliterated also into Mohammad; Mohamed; Mohamad) is the Prophet of Islam. He was born in the holy city of Mecca on 17 Rabi‘ Al-Awaal 53 BH (≈10 May 570).His father is called Abdullah ben Abdul-Muttaleb ben Hashem and his mother is Aminah bint Wahab. He lost his father nearly six months before he was born, and lost his mother nearly at six years of age, and as a result, his uncle Abo Talib sponsored him. Prophet Muhammad’s teknonymic (Kunya) is Abo-Alqasim.On 27 Rajab 13 BH (≈7 July 609) has was chosen by Allah to be His Prophet and Messenger.
On 1 Muharram 1 H, which corresponds the beginning of the Hijri year (≈16 July 622), Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) migrated from Mecca to Medina after he was faced with attack and oppression from the then polytheists. In Medina, Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) established an Islamic government based on justice and the rule of law. After nearly eight years from leaving his birthplace, Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) returned back to Mecca on 24 Ramadan 8 AH (≈16 January 630) in order to prevail justice and monotheism and this has been achieved without any battle.
According to the Shiite Muslims, based on holy Quranic verses and Hadith, Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) appointed his cousin and son-in-law (Lady Fatima’s husband) Imam Ali ben Abi-Talib to be the successor (Caliph) after he passes away. This appointment took place officially in Ghadeer Khumm on 18 Zulhijja 10 AH (≈16 March 632) when Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) and his companions stopped en route to Medina from Mecca after they performed Hajj (Pilgrimage). Prophet Muhammad passed away on 28 Safar 11AH (≈25 May 632) in Medina. He was buried in his Masjid that he established when he migrated. This Masjid holds Prophet Muhammad’s name (Al-Masjid An-Nabawi), and all Muslims when they go the city of Medina they visit this holy shrine.